Writing a good abstract is very important for dissertation research writing, developing a research paper, and making proposal or sample PhD dissertation research writing. It states the goal of the research paper, presents the content, describes the methodology used in the dissertation and research paper writing, provides an overview of the argument, and states a brief description of the findings. The construct of the abstract in a research paper demonstrates a highly organized 250 words minimum paragraph that could be short enough to catch the attention of the target reader but also long enough to give out essential information. Although revisions may be made later when the dissertation writing is complete, abstracts for PhD dissertation research paper writing serve as a guide for the writer during the writing process.
Abstract as summary and argument
An abstract represents a very concise straightforward summary of the major themes of your research paper and thesis. Writing an abstract is similar to writing an outline in paragraph form. The technique is to condense your research paper’s main ideas with appropriate intellectual comments. The abstract is usually placed before the table of contents with a running head and page number.
The abstract of your research paper should reflect the purpose of your research, explain the main problem of the research paper, include the thesis statement and methodology, and mention the most important resources used in the research in a very accurate brief simple manner as much as possible. Remember that the abstract is just an outline of what your essay is all about so, state your objectives and conclusions briefly and clearly. In writing a research paper, you must be coherent so as to make the whole paragraph easy to understand.
In research paper writing, the abstract contains a descriptive summary of your problem statement, significance of the study, research methods, hypothesis, sample design, and resources selection and validation procedure. It is a panoramic view of your entire research paper’s content that includes a bit of findings and conclusions written in a commentary form. The writing of the abstract is critical in research paper writing because it helps the reader decide whether to continue or stop reading your PhD dissertation. However, your abstract is not included as part of the word count of your research paper. It is not even counted as a page of your PhD dissertation research paper. You can write an abstract in short, extended, or long form.
The short form in abstract research paper writing consists of about 100 to 250 words and normally contains the summary of the findings only. The extended form consists of about 500 to 900 words and normally contains a brief summary of the objective of the study, the research method, rationale of the study, recommendations, findings, results, and the materials or resources used. The long form in abstract research paper writing consists of about 900 to 1,000 words and contains the following
• Name of the student
• Number of pages
• Name of the instructor
• Year that you expect to graduate
• Degree conferred
• Statement of the problem
• Research design and methods
• Sample inclusion exclusion criteria
• Sample design and technique
• Description of sample subjects
• Research materials
• Validation method used for selecting research materials
• Data collection method
• Statistical findings
You are required to provide an abstract in APA research paper writing. Write an accurate, coherent, self-contained, but non-evaluative concise abstract for your PhD dissertation research paper. The flow of the commentary part of your abstract should sound like an interpretation or opinion that would make as the core of your thesis statement. You can take the opinions coming from your expert authors or resources as absolute proof or supplemental support on your argument.